Microsoft Exchange Server is the central exchange, email, contacts, scheduling and conferencing platform developed by Microsoft. It is mainly deployed on the Windows Server platform (OS) for corporate use. Microsoft designed Exchange Server to provide easy access to the corporate messaging platform from various desktops, mobile devices and internet-based platforms. The features of this server include its rich client access application, in-built browser and Microsoft Outlook plug-in.
Microsoft Exchange Server is integrated with Microsoft SharePoint and other third party applications including Microsoft SharePoint Central, Microsoft Business Center and Microsoft Intranet. It provides the following services to its clients: email, calendar, contacts, task management, social networking, workflow and task management. This web service also provides high availability services for a number of databases including Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Oracle, IBM Lotus Notes, MySQL, MS SQL Server, Sybase UnQL and MS Access database. High availability servers are designed to hold multiple copies of data for multiple databases and provide their clients fast and reliable access. They are able to provide their clients with real time processing for email, synchronization and recovery of mailboxes and many more tasks.
Microsoft Exchange Server provides different services to its clients according to their needs and requirements.
Active Directory and Microsoft Exchange Server are the most important services that it offers to its clients. Active Directory is a centralized log on directory that stores information about all the users and their roles in the organization. This database stores different types of information like users, mailboxes, passwords, organization configuration data, etc. It is accessed by Microsoft Outlook email client and also by other Microsoft applications like Excel, Power Point, Keynote, Windows Live Writer etc.
There are two major components present in Microsoft Exchange Server and they are known as Microsoft Exchange Server Role (MS EXPERIMENTAL) and Microsoft Exchange Server (MES). A role is a container for applications. A role may be simple or very complex. The most common role is Microsoft Exchange Server. While deploying Microsoft Exchange Server, one has to consider some issues like:
Microsoft Exchange Server deployment consists of two types of servers namely Microsoft Exchange Server (MES). Before deploying Microsoft Exchange Server, one has to deploy MES first. In Microsoft Exchange Server, there is a group of servers called the load balancing service servers. These load balancing servers help to determine how much traffic a particular MES instance can handle. For a particular MES instance, there are configuration changes that have to be done and these changes are saved in the data files.
When deploying Microsoft Exchange Server,
there are two different copies of the Exchange server software, namely Microsoft Exchange Server Standard (MES) and Microsoft Exchange Server Personal (MESP). The primary key benefits associated with Microsoft Exchange Server are scalability and reliability. These two different copies of the software to distribute and manage the tasks and the mailboxes on a Microsoft Exchange Server effectively. However, the two different copies of the software work separately. There are cases where one copy of the software would fail while the other copy would remain intact.
Microsoft Exchange Server comes with a number of features including Microsoft Exchange Server Ultimate (MES) and Microsoft Exchange Server Professional (MESP). With the introduction of Microsoft Exchange Server 2021, there are several enhancements that are new for the better. One of the new additions is Microsoft Sharepoint Solutions that is a part of the Microsoft Office Suite. This feature helps the organization to create shared folders and file shares. One can also connect to the social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter within the email client.
This service pack also gives improved access to Microsoft Outlook as well as the email service. With this, the organization will be able to use various Microsoft Exchange Server applications such as Microsoft Outlook, Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel and other Microsoft applications.
- To upgrade from the previous service pack to the latest one, the organization needs to perform an in-place upgrade.
- The process is relatively simple as the client accesses the portal and enters their email address.
- It is recommended that IT administrators perform a test run with the software before rolling out the changes to all the servers.